Literacy focuses on developing each child’s ability to understand and use language, both spoken and written, as an integral part of learning in all areas. The development of language and literacy is crucial to living and learning. Language is used to communicate with people, to share and express feelings, to give and obtain information and to understand ideas and develop thoughts.
Language and literacy should be considered in a holistic way, taking account of the integral nature of the areas of Talking and Listening, Reading and Writing which extend across all areas of the curriculum.
Throughout the primary school, children should engage in a wide range of purposeful activities which should involve them in different modes of mathematical learning, including playing, exploring and investigating, doing and observing, talking and listening, asking questions, reflecting, drafting, reading and recording.
The sections of the programme for Mathematics and Numeracy interrelate. Processes in Mathematics should pervade the entire programme involving children in using and applying mathematics in practical tasks, real-life problems and within mathematics itself.
Children are interested and curious about what is happening in the world around them. Before starting school, they will have had opportunities to explore their world in the home, the pre-school setting and the local area. These pre-school experiences should be built on, with the children’s natural curiosity being fostered.
Children should have opportunities to use their senses in order to develop their powers of observation, to be able to sort and classify, explore, predict, experiment, compare, plan, carry out and review their work.
The following documents illustrate the statutory requirements as suggested learning intentions. They can be used to help plan learning, teaching and assessment in this area.
Children’s creative, expressive and physical development is closely linked with all aspects of their learning. Children are given opportunities to explore and share their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of: art and design, music, movement, dance, dramatic and role-play activities. Through taking part in a range of well-planned activities, children’s fine and gross motor skills will develop, they will gain confidence in what they can do and this will help build their self-esteem.This Area of Learning comprises the subjects of Art and Design, Drama and Music.
Personal Development and Mutual Understanding (PD&MU) focuses on encouraging each child to become personally, emotionally and socially effective, to lead healthy, safe and fulfilled lives and to become confident, independent and responsible citizens, making informed and responsible choices and decisions throughout their lives.
Children enter primary school having had a range of movement experiences in the home, pre-school setting and the local community. They will have developed skills of control, co-ordination and manipulation and will have some awareness of space. The development of the fundamental movement skills needs to be nurtured, not only because they are important for the child’s long-term health and well-being, but because they support the child’s physical development.
Physical Development and Movement is about experiencing and developing a range of fundamental movement skills that will improve co-ordination, locomotion, control, balance, and manipulation. In addition, physical development helps children gain confidence and self-esteem and enables them to feel the benefits of being healthy and active.